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        新課程背景下小學數學有效教學策略    發布時間:2019-08-12 23:19:45
        新課程背景下小學數學有效教學策略
        摘要:伴隨著我國新課標政策的逐漸推廣,有很多的學者以及教師開始對小學數學的有效教學開始投入更多的關注。數學學科的有效教學不僅僅局限于完成教學指標和學生的全面發展,同時也能體現教學者的個人素質和社會價值。本文主要對小學數學的有效教學的重要意義進行剖析,同時也指出了在新課標的指導下小學數學教學所存在的弊端,最后提出了一些有效實施小學數學有效學習的策略。
        關鍵詞:小學數學;有效教學;策略研究
        在傳統小學數學的教學模式下,其教學目標僅僅是為了提升學生的卷面成績,即應試能力。在新課標的引導小學數學的教學主要任務便是以學生的全面發展為主,最顯著的特征突出表現為教學理念的更新以及教學行為的改正。下面筆者針對小學數學教學在新課標的理念引導下對小學數學的有效教學的策略進行全面分析。
        1.小學數學有效教學策略研究的重要意義
        1.1有效教學是未來教育發展的根本
        伴隨著新課標不斷的改革,我國大部分地區的小學數學教學都受到一定程度上沖擊,所以小學數學的教學改革正處于風口浪尖之處,這就使小學數學的教學必須能夠在新課標的引導下做出正確規劃。在如此亟待解決的情況下,就要求小學數學教師要打破傳統教學理念的束縛,保持著對小學教學事業的熱情,結合國內外多種的教學先進方法以及教學理念,提出屬于我國小學數學教學有效教學的具體策略。
        1.2有效教學能夠提升小學數學教學的質量
        許多教師雖然在新課標的理念下進行教學,但還是有一部分的小學數學教師不能夠對新課標的理念有真正的體悟,其依舊采取傳統的教學理念,致使小學數學的教學質量一直沒有顯著的提升,有時甚至會出現消極影響。新課標所引導的教學理念對學生而言一定是充滿積極性、探索性的良性循環過程,所以小學數學教師在教學的過程當中一定要結合學生實際情況,對教學方式進行優化,對教學的時間進行合理搭配,從而達到小學數學教學質量穩步提升。
        2.我國現階段小學數學教學中所存在的弊端
        2.1教學目標不夠明確,且教學的隨意性過強
        國家新課標是對當前我國教學管理與課程評價的重要基礎,同時其也是編撰者進行教材編寫、教師進行教學與考試的依據。所以,教師在實施教學的同時要給予學生充分的自主學習機會。我國現階段的小學數學教學所存在的最大弊端便是課時長且效率低,致使這種現象發生的主要原因便是教師對教學目標不夠明確,使得教學的隨意性過強,偏離教學教學目標以及課堂教學的混亂。
        2.2教學模式多樣性的匱乏
        許多的小學數學教師對學習重要性的理解不夠深刻,其認為小學數學教學僅僅是最基礎的基礎知識教學。但相對于小學學生而言,由于其認知程度有限,對小學數學知識的掌握并不能做到手到擒來。然而現階段小學數學教師對多樣化教學的重要性并未在意,依舊延續傳統的教材內容的傳授,使得教學活動的靈活性大大下降,最終導致學生對小學數學知識不能全面掌握。
        3.小學數學有效教學的具體策略
        3.1結合教材,對教學目標進行合理制定
        教材是教師進行教學的基礎,對教材良好的掌控才能確保教師在進行教學計劃能夠達到理想的效果。總結來看,教師在開展有效教學工作之前主要應做好以下三點:第一,全面掌握教材以保證教學的可行程度。第二,明確教學目標,使備課工作的目的性更強。第三,教師應保證課前備課的時效,以此來提升課堂教學的有效性。
        3.2明確教學主體
        教師在試試教學的過程當中,往往認為自己是課堂的主體,致使學生的在接受知識的狀態十分被動。實際上,學生才是課堂的主人,教師在課堂中的角色應該是引導者而不是領導者。在新課標的引導下,教師應意識到學生才是學習的主體,同時教師應使學生的主導地位充分發揮其作用,以實現有效教學的目標。
        4.多樣化教學策略的提出
        4.1生活化教學方式
        小學數學的生活化教學模式主要是指教師通過教材與實際生活的結合,將更適合學生年齡的教學內容進行呈現,以此來實現提升學生的自主動手能力以及改善其思維模式。與此同時,教師應放棄傳統的填鴨式教育,將實際生活貫穿于小雪數學的教材當中去,促進學生在數學學科方面的自主學習能力。
        4.2探究式教學方式
        探究式教學方式是當前我國新課標重點實施的教學方式之一,相對于小學生而言,其思維方式以及思考能力都處于待培養階段,所以新課標所倡導的探究式教育方式,不但能夠大大加深學生自身的主體意識,而且還能促使學生主動利用數學知識來解決生活實際問題。探究式教學方式主要通過特定情境的設立、數學模型的構建、解決模型以及構建知識體系等四個方面對學生進行引導,當然,教師若想將探究式教學發揮其最大作用,那么就一定要轉變數學的傳統思維,同時還要開展多元化的探究活動。
        結語:
        通過上述的分析,不難看出,教師若想在新課標的引導下達到提升小學數學課堂有效教學的目的,就一定要結合實際,探索出一條符合學生全面發展的道路,打破傳統的教學模式,對教學模式多樣化的靈活運用,才能真正意義上做到教師與學生的共同發展,才能使有效教學在小學數學課堂發揮其最大的作用。
        參考文獻:
        [1]徐紅玲.新課程背景下小學數學有效教學策略的研究[J].新課程導學,2015,(11):58.
        [2]李仕芬.新課程背景下小學數學有效教學策略的研究[J].青年時代,2015,(5):168-168.
        [3]劉國梅.新課程背景下小學數學有效教學策略的研究[J].速讀(下旬),2014,(12):274-275.
        作者:楊偉香 單位:江西省吉水縣思源實驗學校
         


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