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        信息技術與小學數學課程整合的研究與實踐    發布時間:2019-08-12 23:22:22
        信息技術與小學數學課程整合的研究與實踐
        陸小紅
        人類已進入信息時代,以計算機和網絡為核心的現代技術的不斷發展,正在越來越深刻地改變著我們的生產方式、生活方式、工作方式和學習方式。我國教肓部已決定,分三個層面在全國中小學推進信息技術教育,同時要加強信息技術與其他課程的整合,這個決定對于實施素質,培養創新人才具有重要的意義,將極大地影響數學教育的現狀.因為只有這樣,數學教師才能進一步從自己學科教學的角度來研究如何使用計算機來幫助自己的教學,把計算機技術融入到小學科教學中  本文就信息技術教育與小學數學課程整合的研究與實踐,作一些初步的探討。
        “用計算機來學習,而不單純學習計算機。把信息技術當作學生獲取信息、探索問題、合作學習、解決問題、構建知識的認知工具與情感激勵工具,以及師生之間情感與信息交流的工具”是我進行嘗試的理念。
        一、 信息技術與小學數學學科內容的整合 
         羅庚曾經說過,對數學產生枯燥乏味、神秘難懂的印象的主要原因就是脫離實際。新課程標準提出“數學要貼進生活”、“數學問題生活化”,事實上,學生也更容易理解和掌握他們有一定生活基礎的數學知識,并且對此更感興趣。但由于教材編寫的限制,數學學科教學素材和教學內容很難在教材中反映出來。比如《統計》教學時,教師事先拍下了一段反映校門附近路口交通狀況的錄像,然后引導學生從這一生活實例中來學習統計知識、研究統計問題,還在課前就班級同學的“視力”、“體重”、“身高”、“年齡”、等情況做了一些調查,粗加工制作成了網頁提供給學生,讓他們選擇一個自己感興趣的話題進行統計研究。注意從學生熟悉的現實生活中尋找數學知識的“原型”,依靠學生對感性材料的直接興趣,激發學生創新。 
        二、 信息技術與小學數學學科教學形式的整合
            目前我們學校的教學形式主要是班級授課制,即學生在校集中授課,受教學時間統一限制。21世紀人類社會將進入全新的信息時代,信息化整合數學學科教學應該增加新的教學形式。基于這一思考,我們有意識的讓學生自己去查閱資料或進行社會調查,把學習數學從課內延伸到課,不僅開闊學生的知識視野,豐富了課余知識,并且培養學生主動探求知識能力,提高學生搜集和處理信息的能力。
        如第四冊《確定位置》課前,教師根據教學目標對教材進行分析和處理,并以課件或網頁的形式呈現給學生。上課時,學生接受了學習任務以后,在教師的指導下,利用教師提供的資料進行個別化和協作式相結合的自主學習,并利用信息技術完成任務。最后,師生一起進行學習評價、反饋。我們將傳統的教學模式引向電腦多媒體網絡信息領域,利用網絡信息豐富、傳播及時、讀取方便、交互強等特性,促進教育制度的革新,豐富教學形式,提高教育質量。
        三、 信息技術與小學數學學科教學方法的整合
            當前與時代的發展和實施素質教育的要求相比,學生學習方式較單一、被動,缺少自主探索、合作學習,獨立獲取知識的機會。然而網絡環境下的教學過程卻是:學生的學習開放性、全球化;學習過程具有交互性;內容形式程顯多媒體化。改革現行的學科教學方法,使其適應信息環境下的學習要求,看來是刻不容緩。如在教學《有余數的除法》一節課時,我們安排了課堂練習。練習中,計算機將正確、錯誤的評價以及提示、指導、建議等信息及時的反饋給學生。對學生的不同解題過程,通過網絡在屏幕顯示,起到交互作用。不僅使學生很快地了解自己的學習情況,加深學習體驗,而且教師也可以從中獲得教學反饋的信息,及時采取補救的措施,使教學過程向教學目標靠近,實現真正的意義上的分層教學和個性教學。
        如今是一個信息爆炸的時代,在這瞬息萬變的信息世界中,我們利用信息技術進行探究性課題的研究。運用信息技術進行與小學數學拓展型課題的整合,使學生的學變得更為主動。他們在交流研討中,不僅學習他人的研究成果,而且對自己所研究的成果有喜悅感,成就感,同時感受到與他人討論、探究的樂趣。   
        總的來說,信息技術與小學數學的課程整合無疑將是信息時代中占主導地位的課程學習方式,務必將成為21世紀學校教育的主要方式。因此我們會積極倡導探索信息技術和課程整合的教學,力求在最短的時間里找出最佳途徑。
            讓我們共同努力吧!     



         
         


        【推薦瀏覽其它相關的優秀教育論文】

        上一篇:信息技術與小學數學課程整合的實踐反思
        下一篇:信息技術在小學數學課堂中的應用



         

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