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          小學 一年級上冊 一年級下冊 二年級上冊 二年級下冊 三年級上冊 三年級下冊 四年級上冊 四年級下冊 五年級上冊 五年級下冊 六年級上冊 六年級下冊

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        游戲教學的小學數學課堂運用    發布時間:2019-08-12 23:23:07
        游戲教學的小學數學課堂運用
        摘要】對于天性活潑好動的小學生來說,有趣的游戲才能吸引他們的注意力,學生對自己感興趣的東西往往會很認真的學習,教師在課堂上可以就此方面入手,吸引學生注意力以達到課程教學的目的。本文從四個方面介紹了數學中的游戲教學,分別為教師在課堂開啟前做好充分準備,教師對教學模式進行多樣化處理,教師應擁有強大的控場力,在游戲教學結束后教師應及時進行反思。
        關鍵詞】游戲教學;小學數學
        如今學生學習的科目增加,課堂內容卻還是如以前一般枯燥、乏味,這一現狀使得學生的學習熱情下降,尤其是對數學的學習上格外明顯。自古以來數學便是一門晦澀難懂的科目,但是想要學好這一門課程也是能做到的,這需要學生從小學開始就有一個良好的數學基礎。本文就提高小學生對數學的學習興趣進行了介紹。
        一、游戲教學模式的開啟需要充足的準備
        一個好的游戲能夠充分調動學生的積極性,游戲過程中能夠培養同學間的默契,促進同學的感情,學生會養成從游戲中探索、學習的良好習慣。對于游戲而言,是分組比賽、單人比賽還是全班學生一起完成一個目標,在事前應確立好這一游戲的形式。如對學生進行“人民幣的換算”這一知識點的講解時,教師可以讓學生分組進行,讓其他一組的學生扮演商店的老板售賣學生從家中帶來的玩具,其他組的學生則分為幾組進行比賽,看哪一組的同學能夠用最少的錢買到最重的東西。這個環節不僅能加深學生對“人民幣換算”的理解,還可以讓學生學到重量的換算,一舉兩得,教師也可以根據教學進度自行修改。教師應提前告知學生帶好相應的道具,保證游戲教學的環節能夠順利進行。此外,教師應充分考慮游戲的種類,若為競技類,教師應制定能夠控制課堂紀律的游戲規則和獎罰機制;若為團結合作類,教師應注意人數的控制,使得每一個人都能夠為集體做出自己的貢獻。
        二、游戲教學模式的進行需要多樣化
        數學的學習是一個漫長而枯燥的過程,雖然有游戲教學的加入,但有時也顯得有點無趣,這個時候應該針對同一知識點進行不同的游戲來強化我們的記憶。比如“應用題”。教師在該知識點的教學初期可以讓學生進行“抱團”的游戲,將學生分成不同的小組,由學生當指揮官指揮學生抱團,每一個口令結束之后都會多出一些同學,將這部分同學淘汰再進行下一輪游戲,直到剩下兩人為止;在教學中期教師可以讓學生進行“分錢”的游戲,將學生分成四個小組,每個組選出一個組長,并給每一個組長相同的錢數讓組長均分給其中的幾個人,再讓這幾個人中的一個人將錢均分給剩下的學生,教師應做好相應的計算,讓每一個學生都能分到錢;在教學后期教師應從學生的實際生活出發,讓學生從之前的“購買玩具”的游戲中進行一些簡單的計算,并且趁機講解“單價×數量=總價”的知識點。多元化的游戲會讓學生保持接受外來知識的新鮮感,從而保持對學習的熱情,學生將會最大化的獲取新知識。
        三、教學游戲的進行需要教師有強大的控場力
        小學生年齡較小,身心尚未成熟,在平時的學習生活中不能很好地約束自己,實現自我控制,反而比較貪玩,這就要求教師在課堂中能夠對學生進行一定的管束,維持課堂秩序,保證課程的順利完成。第一,強大的控場力需要教師平時對學生的教導來實現。教師在平時的教學中該嚴肅的時候不可和學生開玩笑,否則易造成學生認為這個教師很好欺負的錯覺,教師就會失去自己的教學威信。第二,強大的控場力需要教師的自我相信。教師充滿信心自身就會形成一種威懾力,學生會從內心誠服于這個教師并且聽從教師的話,會遵從教師的指導,使得現場嚴謹有序。第三,強大的控場力需要教師擁有感染人心的演講能力。當現場秩序差強人意時,教師可以憑借自己完備的演講能力來吸引學生的注意力,讓學生聽從指揮,繼續進行該有的游戲以完成教學任務。教師強大的控場力可以避免現場出現的混亂,解決諸多令人驚慌失措的問題,保證學生對游戲中學習的熱忱不減。
        四、教學游戲的再次進行需要教師的及時反思
        游戲過后教師應進行及時的反思,反思課前準備是否充足,反思游戲過程中學生是否對相關知識有了完備的認識,是否達到了相應的教學目的,反思自身在游戲過程中是否語言得體。教學反思的實質是教師對自己教習方法的思考,也是教師對學生學習情況的記錄,以便下一次的游戲能夠有一個較令人滿意的結果。反思的目的是解決實際問題,消除困惑,促進學生實踐。教學反思分為以下兩個部分,其一是對整個游戲過程進行一個全面、理性的思考,之后揚長避短;其二是通過實踐來發現理論知識與實踐的差距,在此基礎上進行教學觀念的改變。美國心理學家波斯納提曾經提出一個教師的成長公式:成長=經驗+反思。游戲教學不僅能夠幫助教師更好地理解教材,也能促進教師了解學生的心理活動,改進自己的教學方法。對于學生來說,游戲教學能夠放松他們的心情,讓學生帶著愉快的心情進行學習,進而享受學習,達到事半功倍的效果。
        五、結語
        為適應我國“走有中國特色的社會主義的道路”這一要點,小學課堂的進行也應引入一些有特色的教學,游戲教學就是一個不錯的選擇。但在游戲教學的過程中,我們應提前做好游戲準備,抓好時機,明晰并不是整個課堂都是用來游戲的,應在適當的時候穿插游戲,注意游戲內容與教學目標是否相適應。游戲教學的過程中教師需要及時發現游戲中所出現的問題,進行適當的調整以適應課程需要。但是小學生心理尚未成熟,游戲的過程可能會出現一些過激的行為,這要求教師在課堂開啟前考慮充分,想好相應的措施,避免出現混亂。
        參考文獻
        [1]張鳳榮.游戲化教學法在小學數學課堂教學中的應用[J].生物技術世界,2016(3):272-272.
        [2]龔澤勤.讓課堂游戲為小學數學有效教學提供充足的保障———論游戲在小學數學教學中的運用[J].課程教育研究,2014(31):152-153.
        作者:蔣建瓊 單位:四川省簡陽市金馬鎮九年義務教育學校
         


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        上一篇:學講教育下的小學數學教學創新探析
        下一篇:游戲在小學數學自主探索式教學中的應用



         

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