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          小學 一年級上冊 一年級下冊 二年級上冊 二年級下冊 三年級上冊 三年級下冊 四年級上冊 四年級下冊 五年級上冊 五年級下冊 六年級上冊 六年級下冊

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        在小學數學課堂教學中滲透德育教育    發布時間:2019-08-12 23:49:13
        在小學數學課堂教學中滲透德育教育
        摘要:目前小學數學課堂教學中存在對德育教育認識不足,創新德育教育路徑的積極性不夠等問題。基于此,文章就如何在小學數學課堂教學中滲透德育教育進行了分析和研究,認為切實發揮教師的示范作用,用數學發展史和先進人物事跡鼓舞學生,努力培養學生的數學思維和態度是在小學數學課堂教學中滲透德育教育的有效途徑。
        關鍵詞:小學數學;課堂教學;德育教育
        數學是小學教學體系中十分重要的一門基礎課程,對提升學生的邏輯思維能力、歸納推理能力、嚴謹細致的科學態度都具有重要意義。除此之外,小學數學教學對于深化小學德育教育,提升學生的道德修養,塑造學生的獨立人格等方面也具有不可替代的作用。就目前來講,如何充分發掘小學數學課堂教學在德育方面的功能,探索德育教育的路徑,是廣大小學數學教育工作者需要考慮的重要課題。
        一、切實發揮教師的示范作用
        小學階段的學生十分善于模仿,尤其善于在學習過程中模仿教師的行為。不管好壞,他們都會在短時間內模仿學會,卻無法有效進行辨別和思考。如果教師在課堂教學中無法正確地處理和規范自己的言行,就很容易給學生留下負面的影響,進而影響學生道德素質的提升。因此,從這個方面來看,要想充分發揮小學數學課堂教學的德育功能,首要的因素就要努力提升小學數學教師的能力和素質,尤其是要提升教師的道德素質,鼓勵和引導廣大小學數學教師樹立正確的人生觀、世界觀和價值觀。一是要努力提升自身的道德修養。小學數學教育工作者在課堂教學的過程中,要自覺規范自己的言行,即使學生有什么錯誤的行為,教師也應該以說服教育為主,而不能采取簡單粗暴的體罰。二是要努力提升自身的數學能力。小學數學教師要努力提升自己對數學這門學科的理解和領悟,進而在課堂教學中通過教學活動進一步激發學生的學習熱情,在潛移默化間對學生的人格塑造產生積極作用。
        二、用數學發展史和先進人物事跡鼓舞學生
        數學在中國的發展歷程及其涌現出來的先進人物等,都是對學生進行德育教育的寶貴資源。廣大教育工作者應找準切入點和著力點,努力用數學發展史和先進人物事跡鼓舞學生、激勵學生。一是引導學生樹立民族自豪感。當前,在小學生中存在一些對數學的錯誤理解,如有的學生認為數學是由西方傳入我國的,我國封建社會時期的數學發展始終處于滯后狀態,針對這種錯誤的思想和認識,數學教師一定要及時予以糾正,并且進行正確地引導。比如,數學教師可以列舉我國南北朝時期著名數學家祖沖之計算圓周率的事跡:在南北朝時期,社會生產力發展極為落后,祖沖之在如此艱難的環境中,精確地計算出了圓周率的數值在3.1415926與3.1415927之間,這比同時期的歐洲人早了一千多年。通過這樣的例子,可以激發學生的民族自信心和自豪感,進而為教師對學生進行德育教育奠定良好的基礎。二是通過數學先進人物的事跡感染學生。在新中國數學發展歷史上,涌現出許多杰出的人物,如華羅庚、陳景潤等,數學教師可以通過宣傳他們的先進事跡和生活趣事,進一步增強學生對學習數學的信心和為國奉獻的積極性。如在當時研究條件十分艱苦的情況下,陳景潤克服重重困難,成功論證了“哥德巴赫猜想”,為此他付出了極大的努力,光是驗算草紙就裝滿了幾間屋子。通過這樣的鮮活事例,可以充分激發學生獻身數學事業,自覺為國家民族做出積極貢獻的信心和決心。
        三、努力培養學生的數學思維和態度
        在一個人漫長的生活和工作經歷中,踏實嚴謹的作風和態度是其獲得成功和進步不可或缺的重要組成部分,也是其構成道德素質和個人操守的重要內容。因此,教師要在這些方面加強對學生的培養和引導。一要培養學生不怕困難,敢于求索的數學精神。在小學數學教學中,教師可以給學生出一些有一定難度的數學趣味習題,如小明和小華每人有一包糖,但是不知道每包里有幾塊。只知道小明給了小華8塊后,小華又給了小明14塊,這時兩人包里的糖的塊數正好同樣多,這樣算來,原來誰的糖多?多幾塊?學生剛剛接觸這樣的題目,可能會覺得難,教師要鼓勵和引導學生不放棄、不畏難,獨立思考,敢于發言,久而久之,學生就會逐漸養成獨立思考、勇于探索的數學精神。二是培養學生嚴謹細致、一絲不茍的數學態度。在這方面,小學生常常有很多不足,如有些學生作業馬虎,或是計算不準確,或是書寫不規范等。針對這些問題,教師要積極進行教育和引導,要讓學生知道“千里之堤毀于蟻穴”,如果在一項重大的科研項目里,一旦一個數字寫錯了,或者是小數點點錯了,都會給研究造成無法彌補的重大損失。綜上所述,在小學數學課堂教學中滲透德育教育,是一項重要而迫切的工作,需要廣大小學數學教育工作者不斷提升自身素質能力,加強研究探索,努力突破難點問題,豐富教育的路徑和渠道,推動小學數學教育實現新的發展。
        參考文獻:
        [1]鞏清志.新形勢下的小學德育教育探索[J].華夏教師,2017(1):87-88.
        [2]劉春賢.淺談小學數學與德育教育[J].中國校外教育,2015(22):22.
        作者:李玉濟 單位:永州市冷水灘區通化街小學
         


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        上一篇:在小學數學課堂教學中開展小組合作學習
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