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        小學音樂論文:多媒體在新歌教學中的運用    發布時間:2019-08-11 10:05:09
             多媒體在新歌教學中的運用
                      
        摘要:隨著“新課改”在常規教學中的不斷深入,多媒體教學作為一個全新的教育手段,正出現在小學音樂教學中。它突破了傳統的局限性,大大開闊了學生的音樂視野,通過視聽結合,使我們的音樂課更加豐富多彩,激發了學生對音樂的學習興趣,也拓寬了教學視野,開發了學生思維。
        現在我就以多媒體在新歌教學中的運用談談自己的一些觀念。
            關鍵詞:
            多媒體    音樂學科    結合運用
            一、正確理解多媒體的含義
            多媒體是計算機與視頻技術的結合。它包括文本、圖形、靜態圖象、聲音、動畫、視頻剪輯等基本要素。在多媒體教學課件進行設計時,也是從這些要素的作用、特性出發,發揮各種要素的長處,為不同學習類型的學習者提供不同的學習媒體信息,從多種媒體渠道向學習者傳遞教育教學信息。
           二、音樂學科特點特征
           音樂是一門融思想性和藝術性為一體的學科。音樂教學的根本目標是“培養全面發展的人”。向學生進行思想教育和審美教育是音樂教學最重要的任務,此外,音樂還具有以下幾種特性:
            1.情感性
            由于音樂是直接抒發人的內心情感,這種情感更能準確、細膩地體現主觀情感。所以音樂能夠以真摯、生動、深刻的感情去感化他人的心靈。
            2.愉悅性
            音樂給人以愉悅感是通過聽覺產生的一種“審美趣味判斷”。在音樂教育中,愉悅性可以構成一種審美力量,它以自己獨有的藝術魅力滋潤著學生的心田。通過這種教育,培養了學生高尚的審美情趣,增強了學生對音樂的鑒賞能力。
            3. 形象性
        藝術教育總是以一定鮮明生動的藝術形象為基礎內容的。它是通過感知、聯想、表象、想象等心理活動構成的有思想感情的、有審美價值的內容。
        三、多媒體與音樂教學結合運用
           ﹙一﹚完善各種功能,體驗情感。
        音樂除了聲音的美之外,還有形式美、意境美也是至關重要的。音樂配以生動優美的畫面,使學生身臨其境,很快就能學會歌曲。
        如《讓我們蕩起雙槳》這首歌曲極富有詩情畫意,為了體現它的美感,我先設計了一幅幅體現學生在祖國的 關愛下快樂學習、快樂玩耍、快樂成長的優美畫面。讓學生邊聽
        音樂邊觀看畫面,展開聯想,創設美感情景,使學生仿佛置身于音樂意境中,他們是那樣的愉快,感受著音樂給他們帶來的各種美感。
            ﹙二﹚增強業務水平、提高教學質量
            音樂課就只是教會學生唱唱歌而已。其實不然,音樂課不僅要教會學生唱歌,而且還要教會學生一些最基本的音樂知識。這就需要我們使用多媒體來輔助教學。由于多媒體聲畫并茂、視聽結合,能激發學生的情緒,豐富學生的情感,因此,在教學過程中運用多媒體可以使 學生獲得更加鮮明深刻的印象,增強了學生學習的欲望,同時也提高了課堂教學質量。如:二年級教材《小貓釣魚》中,我就利用孩子們好奇的心理特點,先讓播放《小貓釣魚》課件講述故事,用故事來調動學生的好奇心,再播放動畫音樂《小貓釣魚》來激發學生的學習興趣,使他們的好奇心進一步得到擴展和延伸,帶著這種好奇心,學生的積極性更加提高了,學習的氣氛也更加活躍了,學生學習起來也快樂了,從而使學生從以往的被動性學習轉變為主動性學習,也切實體現了多媒體在音樂教學中的重要性。
            總之,多媒體在教學中只是一種輔助教學手段,而在我們的課堂中要想把一堂課真正的上好,需要我們的音樂教師有著過硬的專業本領,豐富的教學經驗,并與多種教學方法相互協調,取長補短,這樣,才能展現我們教學過程中最閃亮的一點。



         

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