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        音樂教學論文:以琴助教,以趣激學    發布時間:2019-08-11 10:06:29
        音樂教學論文
        以琴助教,以趣激學
        ——器樂進課堂淺談
        和謙鎮中心小學         陳波
        隨著素質教育的改革和深入,器樂作為音樂表現形式的重要組成部分,引起了人們的重視和關注。在廣大教育工作者默默的探討和不斷實踐中,充分證明了:器樂進課堂是改變傳統教學觀念的必由之路,它有利于開拓學生視野,提高學習音樂的興趣,開發智力,培養良好情操。故此,國家教委明文規定進課堂樂器有口琴、豎笛、口風琴。現羅列幾點體會供同行們參考。


        一、運用樂器教學,提高了學生學習音樂的興趣。
            “興趣是最好的老師”,中小學生好奇心強,喜好新生事物。器樂的出現,猶如音樂課堂中的一塊磁鐵,牢牢地吸引住了學生:他們摸著、敲著、鼓起兩腮吹著。老師不失時機地示范吹奏一支學生熟悉的歌曲,學生們會格外安靜,睜大眼睛羨慕地看著,豎著耳朵認真聽著。此刻,教師的引導與教學猶如“魔術師”在表演般吸引住了學生。


        二、在教學中,因勢利導,以趣激學。
             為了讓學生能自如地演奏,教師要善于把知識點、演奏技巧滲透在學生感興趣的游戲比賽活動中。如訓練運用氣息進行吹奏時,我組織學生進行“吹紙、吹氣球”比賽。在游戲中,學生會自覺地作深呼吸,讓氣緩緩地有控制地吹出,有效地進行了長音練習,也加強了氣息的訓練。此外,指法是一個大難題,我采用了形象、生動的語言展開教學,把五個手指頭比喻成士兵,試問學生們希望自己的士兵站著走還是爬著走?此時,學生們會自覺地把手指穩穩地立在鍵盤上進行彈奏練習,這比反復枯燥的說教有效得多。教學有法,但無定法,只要你的方法能使學生們感興趣,學生便會很樂意接受。


        三、運用器樂教學,豐富了教學內容
             在音樂課堂教學中,“聽”與“唱”是課堂的老把式。而口風琴 葫蘆絲 豎笛等樂器的加入大大充實了音樂課堂,從“聽”、“唱”延伸到奏和演。既可以讓學生直觀、準確地掌握樂理知識,也可以有效地提高學生節奏感、音高感,培養了學生視奏能力。歌唱教學中,我充分利用樂器進行教學,讓學生通過視譜——認唱——彈奏——聽辨等環節進行自主地學唱歌曲。此外,我還把口風琴演奏運用到欣賞教學中,在原來聽、看教學模式的基礎上,讓學生彈一彈、聽一聽,使學生在愉悅的欣賞活動中,全身心地體驗、感受和理解音樂,不僅培養了學生的音樂興趣,擴大了音樂視野,提高了音樂感受、理解、鑒賞能力,而且發展了想象力,豐富了感情,陶冶了情操。


        四、樂器教學,培養了學生動手和創作能力。
             課堂提倡讓學生有“動”的機會,如:動口、動手、動腦。其中口風琴 葫蘆絲 豎笛 教學讓學生動的能力得到充分的發展。在課堂上,通過演奏,讓學生眼、耳、手等器官得到協調發展,且激發了學生思維的多向性,這是其他學科和其他學具所無法取代的。同時,通過樂器教學還可激發學生創作動機,培養學生創新精神。在課堂上,我們重視滿足學生的表演欲望,把主動權交還給學生,鼓勵學生嘗試,讓學生有創作的余地。如從模仿生活節奏:馬蹄聲、氣笛聲、警車聲等開始,創作旋律,學生們興趣很高,教師抓住有利因素,進行啟發、引導,學生們樂此不疲。漸漸地學生們便可以用樂器演奏自己的“歌”了。
             此外,在課堂教學中,運用口風琴進行合唱、合奏訓練,既強化了學生在合唱、奏中的節奏感、協調感、和聲感,又提高了合唱能力,同時,也有利于培養學生們團結協作、顧全整體的優良品質。
             總之,樂器進課堂,充實、豐富了音樂課堂教學內容,改變了課堂面貌,大大增強了音樂教學的吸引力;同時,有效地提高了學生的整體音樂素質,使學生身心得到健康、全面的發展。


        【推薦瀏覽其它相關的優秀教育論文】

        上一篇:小學音樂論文:給孩子們他們需要的音樂課
        下一篇:小學音樂論文:新課改理念下的音樂課



         

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