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        讓音樂課堂煥發生命的活力    發布時間:2019-08-11 10:12:05
        讓音樂課堂煥發生命的活力
         
        多年來我一直擔任小學的音樂課,總覺得不論是語文數學還是音樂課,只要老師上課的熱情高漲,那么學生也就會跟你一起來,整個課堂的氣氛非常活躍。尤其是在音樂課上更是如此,每上完一節課后,都覺得愉快、輕松。但自從擔任了五、六年級的音樂課后,我感覺學生學習的積極性不高,課堂教學缺乏活力與激情,學生少了幾分活躍,取而代之的是沉悶。那么出現這種情況的原因是什么呢?我覺得有以下兩個原因:
         
          首先,高年級學生學習負擔加重,語數外已經把他們有限的學習時間占得滿滿的,本來渴望在音樂課上得以放松,但是我們的音樂課堂又給不了學生他們想要的那種自由與輕松。因此,學生產生消極怠工的情緒,不愿意動腦筋與老師一起進入課堂。
           其次,流行歌曲對音樂課堂的沖擊。開放的社會,開放的教育使得流行歌曲無法抵擋的沖進了我們的校園,走進了學生們的生活。高年級的學生正處在青春發育期,流行歌曲以它通俗易懂的歌詞,和比較動感的旋律獲得了學生的青睞。而與之相反的是,聽著、唱著課本上老掉牙的歌曲,覺得都無味。學習起來自然沒興趣,積極性不高。
           面對這樣的狀況,我們的音樂教學該怎么辦呢?怎么樣讓音樂課堂煥發生命的活力呢?經過一學期的反復的琢磨,我覺得要找準兩個切入點進行今后的課堂教學。
          
        一、教師要很好地解讀文本,賦予歌曲以鮮活的生命。
         
        首先,教師聲情并茂的范唱或應用生動形象的多媒體課件,展示歌曲的全貌。
        比如,我在教學《我的祖國》一單元時,大量地應用了網絡音像資料,讓學生在觀看《中華人民共和國國歌》《我的祖國》歌曲的創作歷程的基礎上,聆聽歌曲,對比歌曲的情緒、力度、速度,最后通過師生合作、生生合作演唱、表演、伴奏等音樂實踐活動表現音樂,達到音樂與情感相融合,讓音樂進入學生的心靈,讓音樂作品的思想與學生產生共鳴,這樣我們教學、教育的目的就達到了最好的效果。
           其次,精確、生動的課堂語言也是吸引學生注意力的重要因素。

        著名教育學家卡美紐斯這樣說過:“教師的嘴,就是一個源泉,從那里可以發出知識的溪流。”可見,教師課堂教學語言在課堂教學中起著舉足輕重的作用。教師的語言清晰,學生能從中獲得快樂;教師的語言親切溫和,學生能從中獲得溫馨,留下回味;教師的肢體語言優美、和諧,學生能從中獲得啟發。因此,精彩的教學語言能讓課堂熠熠生輝。
           在次,挖掘歌曲的文化底蘊,使歌曲變得更生動、更有生命力。
           比如,在教學《古詩新唱》這個單元,就可以挖掘中華文明古國的悠久文化,讓學生在古詩詞如詩如畫的意境中聆聽、吟唱,以古詩特有的意境美、情感美、情趣美縮短學生與詩人的心距,喚起情感的共鳴,促使學生從詩中感知美、理解美、評價美、分享美的蘊涵。
        二、教師要精心設計教學環節,賦予學生活力
           作為教師我們要有準備地投入到教學中,給學生參與課堂活動的時間與空間,爭取收到以景觸情,情隨歌動的效果。
        (一)給學生多聽、多唱、多演的機會,充分調動學習熱情
        不論是多高的年級的學生都是好勝心、表現欲很強的,他們總希望自己能夠得到老師和同學的認可。根據學生的這些心理特點,我嘗試著在音樂課堂上把學生的聽、唱、演融入各種形式的游戲競賽,讓學生在競賽中獲得成功的體驗。
        (二)給學生思維與創作的空間,培養學生的創新能力
        音樂課應該是自由的,教師要給學生一個自由的空間,充分發展學生創造性的想象力。比如,讓學生續編歌曲的結尾、改編歌詞、創編歌曲旋律等。
          以上是我擔任音樂課以來遇到的問題,及面對問題時的一些不成熟的思考與做法。作為音樂教師,只有我們賦予課本上歌曲生命,學生才會喜歡唱歌;當學生愛上音樂課了,我們音樂教師才會快樂;學生快樂、老師才會幸福,我們的課堂就會煥發出生命的活力。

         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
        構建云環境下‘四位一體’生命課堂課改實驗教學體會論文
         
         
         
         
        讓音樂課堂煥發生命的活力
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
                        鶴壁市實驗學校  
                郭 旗


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        上一篇:淺談影視音樂融入農村小學音樂課堂
        下一篇:小學音樂論文:小學音樂主體性課堂



         

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