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        當前位置: 主頁 > 論文 > 小學音樂論文 >
        小學音樂論文:如何讓靈動的音樂充滿課堂    發布時間:2019-08-11 10:19:24
        如何讓靈動的音樂充滿課堂
        蓮花鎮中心小學:邱嶸
         
        摘要:在《音樂課程標準》有這樣一段話:感受與欣賞是音樂學習的重要領域,是整個音樂學習活動的基礎,是培養學生音樂審美能力的有效途徑。在教學中應激發學生聽賞音樂的興趣,生養成聆聽音樂的習慣,逐步積累欣賞音樂的經驗。那么,在短短的一節課中如何讓孩子有充分的聆聽的經驗就成為了我們音樂老師的首要任務。
         
        關鍵詞:音樂審美經驗、語言、節奏、評價、
         
        人類自有生命起,所有的表達就是從聲音開始。當聽診器中傳出小小的胎心,他在告訴你一個新生命即將到來;當產房傳出洪亮的哭啼聲,他在告訴你新生命的降臨。在生活中也充滿了各色各樣的聲音,如果沒有審美的心,它們只是普通的聲響,反之,那它將幻化成美妙的音樂。一個擁有音樂審美的人他的世界必定比他人更加豐富,一個能隨時用音樂來抒發自己情緒的人他的生活一定比他人精彩。
        在小學階段是積累音樂審美經驗增長音樂審美能力的最佳階段,如能在短短的一節音樂課中讓學生真正體會到音樂不僅僅是歌唱,它還能表達的能多的意義,這才是音樂課程的獨特之處。
        • 用音樂代替語言,讓音樂課很特別。
        在我短短的2年任教過程中,我曾用過各式各樣豐富多彩的語言來做課前問候,雖也收到不錯的反響,但總覺得毫無音樂課的特點。有一次,我試著用改編后的《小星星》來與二年級的學生問候:“小朋友們你們好,歡迎來到音樂課,你我一起來唱歌,多么歡樂的時刻”,此時我故意有所停頓,沒想到有學生就開始接詞了“邱老師呀你也好,我們一起來唱歌,今天我們學什么,請你快快來教我”,雖然歌詞改編的不怎樣,但這卻引起了學生積極改變歌詞的興趣,紛紛舉手要來和我對唱。此后我經常會用一些學生們耳熟能詳的歌曲改編不同的歌詞后來做問候語,這也就成為了我上音樂課時,學生最期待的環節。
        在低段教學,學生的紀律常常讓我頭疼。有時學生的紀律會讓我束手無措無法控制,剛開始我和其他任課老師一樣,我會暫停教學用語言來提醒或教訓他們,久而久之他們不但不喜歡音樂課,反而有點討厭音樂老師,這使得我的教學遇到了前所未有的瓶頸。在一次《熊貓商店》的欣賞課上,我讓孩子們根據音樂來表現小熊貓的一天,孩子們隨著音樂的變化完整的表現了小熊毛懶懶的起床、開心的上班、忙碌的工作、疲憊的回家等一系列動作,這使得我想到,何不用音樂提醒孩子們呢?于是我找了幾段不同的旋律,用琴聲來提示孩子們,急速強烈的旋律告訴他們快快做端正,舒緩美妙的旋律告訴他們要安靜,不但收到了意想不到的效果,同時也讓孩子們有了對不同音樂的審美經驗。
        • 用節奏代表評價,讓音樂課與眾不同
        評價有利于學生了解自己的進步,增強學習的信心和動力,促進教學質量的不斷提高。無論什么學科,對老師的評價語都是有著高要求,在以前的教學過程當中,我特意學習了一些優秀教師的評價語,可在低段的學生聽來都可以換成一個“好”字。可除了語言之外還能有怎樣的評價讓音樂課與眾不同又具特色呢?
        達爾克羅體態律動理論認為,通過節奏運動這種教育手段,使學生從小就開始在生理運動器官和思維之間構成一種自由轉換和密切聯系的媒介,以達到身心的和諧發展。在對學生進行評價時我想到了小木琴和節奏,當學生回答正確,我使用小木琴搭配歡快的節奏;當學生回答錯誤時,我用小木琴搭配緩慢的節奏。孩子不但得到了特別的評價,同時也感受了音樂節奏的有趣變化。
        在學生互相簡單的評價之間,我會用拍節奏來作為評價,如:X X XX X或XXXX X。有時也會讓學生使用自己的打擊樂器自己組織一段節奏來進行評價。這不但讓學生得到了該有的評價同時也得到了節奏的練習和創編。
        • 讓音樂貫穿于游戲
        新課程標準指出:學習是一種個性化行動。作為音樂教師,應當在課堂教學環境中創設一個有利于張揚學生個性的“場所”,讓學生的個性在寬松、自然、愉悅的氛圍中得到釋放。音樂教育由于沒有升學考試的推動,再加上有的教師音樂課缺少了趣味性,久而久之,音樂課也就成為了一些學生的“休閑課”。那么,在音樂教學中如何讓學生在充分的音樂體驗中既受到情感的,陶,又獲得形式、技能的領悟呢?那么音樂游戲就成為了學生學習掌握音樂技能的有效途徑。音樂游戲是以發展學生音樂能力為主的一種游戲活動。它以音樂為靈魂,以游戲為手段,讓學生在游戲中感受音樂的流動、旋律的起伏、節奏的跳躍、音色的變化、速度的統一與變化,一個好的音樂游戲不僅僅只是吸引學生的注意力,還要從中得到音樂知識和技能。音樂是音樂游戲的靈魂所在,音樂游戲之是學習音樂的手段,音樂游戲并需伴隨音樂才能實現音樂教學的目地。
        在奧爾夫音樂教學中,要求教師帶著孩子在音樂中學習音樂,在游戲中帶出學習方法,使孩子在音樂學習中找到樂趣。音樂游戲的最大特點就是“音樂性”,在游戲的過程當中必須讓音樂貫穿全程,不論是雖音樂歌曲表現動作,還是隨變化莫測的節奏進行游戲,都可以讓學生在游戲的過程當中達到教學音樂技能的目的。
        綜上所述,只有讓音樂課程中充滿了音樂元素,讓學生充分的得到音樂審美的經驗,才能豐富學生的情感體驗,使其情感世界收到潛移默化感染和徐濤,建立起對人類、對自然、對一切美好事物的關愛之情,進而通過對音樂的審美養成對生活的積極樂觀態度和對美好事物的向往與追求。


        【推薦瀏覽其它相關的優秀教育論文】

        上一篇:在音樂教學中重視學生的音樂實踐
        下一篇:淺談小樂器在小學音樂課堂中的重要作用



         

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