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        當前位置: 主頁 > 論文 > 小學音樂論文 >
        小學音樂論文:培養學生有感情的唱歌    發布時間:2019-08-11 10:20:21
        培養學生有感情的唱歌
                                  擂鼓鎮小學   朱婭琳
        本著多年來對課堂教學的不懈探索,使我們的教學理念得到不斷的更新,教學實踐實現質的飛躍。伴隨著新一輪基礎教育課程改革的扎實推進,課堂上注重學生的實踐能力培養尤為重要。
        音樂對孩子來說天生有好奇感,當前教學中提倡培養學生的創新意識和實踐能力。因而教師在教學中要對學生進行啟迪、誘導,盡量讓學生在實踐中去獲得知識,我們都有同樣的感覺:合唱隊員的識譜能力,比一般的同學要強;而舞蹈隊員的節奏感、體態表現以及對作品理解,超過一般學生水平,這就是參與了音樂能力培養的結果。
        目前,我們使用教材中有較強的實踐性內容,如果我們注意了就能較快地將知識形成能力,從而提高學生演唱能力,演奏能力和音樂感受能力。在我多年來的教學中,為了提高所有學生的音樂素質,我從如下方面對學生進行實踐能力的培養,且收到了良好的效果。
        一、在課堂教學中,采用多種教學手段,創設情景,激發情趣。
        1、每節課都能細致備課,認真鉆研教材,發揮自己的特長,利用一些優秀的歌曲導入,提高學生的欣賞能力。
        我們知道,每個人都會唱歌,但要唱好一首完美的歌曲并不是說句話而以,需要有較高音樂素養,例如:在學習第一單元《小螺號》這首歌時,我首先抓住學生的愛好,讓學生了解大海,知道海螺的生活習性,其次,我利用《大海啊故鄉》這首歌曲導入,使學生愛大海、對大海感興趣,創設良好的環境,激發了學生的情趣,除了讓學生用口頭演唱、用錄音機聽感受副旋律的作用效果外,,我還讓學生用固定音高的樂器--豎笛進行演奏,這樣一種實踐練習,不但培養了學生在演唱能力,更培養了學生的樂器演奏能力,及音準能力。通過自己的實踐,找到了在歌曲演唱中更有效的教學效果,學生既有興趣,又明白易懂,使抽象的知識變為形象、生動的東西。
        2、加強歌表演,使學生加深對音樂的理解和感受,提高審美素質。
          中高年級的學生對歌曲的表演并不感興趣,在課堂中我有意識引領學生大膽的演唱和對歌唱進行表演,表演是表達學生的歡快心情的實踐活動,是聽覺和動覺訓練的結合。
        3、示范使學生產生樂趣的最好方法, 在具體的授課中我能把歌曲中音樂知識貫穿在歌曲的演唱中,例如:在樂句中遇到延音線、圓滑線能具體示范給學生聽,進行對比,強化記憶,使學生能隨范唱更有感情的演唱。也就是說,只有這樣才能使學生在美的韻律中加深對音樂的理解和感受,提高學生的審美素質。
         4、歌表演是在歌曲的演唱中配以簡單形象的動作,有集體的、個人的表演。現行的音樂教材有很多歌曲或欣賞曲都適合于表演。教師一方面可教給學生一些規定的表演動作,另一方面還應鼓勵學生自己大膽創編動作。例如:學習《小螺號》這首歌,教學時引導學生從歌詞入手,通過對歌詞的理解,編排歌曲動作,特別是要根據歌曲歡快情緒,自己創編動作,邊唱邊表演加以實踐,使他們對音樂形象加深理解。同時又在感受著音樂的諸多要素,發展了大腦與身體間的協調合作,實實在在地得到一種總體協調的感覺及時間和空間距離的實體概念。它有利于孩子們體會音樂的節奏、節拍、速度及某些曲調的結構協調感。
        5、利用先進的教學用具,激發學生的興趣和調動學習的主動性。
          學生的知識水平和智力水平處于直覺感知向抽象思維過渡,他們常常只局限于看到事物的具體特點和外部聯系,對揭示事物的一般特性和內部聯系的能力還比較缺乏,有總分教材內容對學生來講比較抽象,難于理解,(如果通過先進的教學設備創設行動有趣、色彩鮮艷、動靜恰當的畫面,把靜態知識作動態處理就能激發學生求知欲,充分調動學生眼、耳、口、手、腦等多種器官參與教學全過程。)
        二、開展形式多樣的課外音樂活動,提高音樂素質。
          要想使學生的演唱能力和音樂感受能力等方面的音樂素養提高到更高的境界,不斷得到鞏固提高,光靠課堂內的教學實踐是不夠的,還必須把課堂教學延伸到課外去,開展多種多樣的課外音樂活動,以解決在課堂上不能解決的問題。讓他們能全方位多角度地來領悟音樂的神韻和真諦、親自參與唱歌、舞蹈、表演、演奏和創編。絢麗多姿的文藝表演活動會使學生從中感受美、鑒賞美,同時,也會直接影響他們的氣質、性格、情操和意志,提高音樂素質素養。
          這樣通過一系列的音樂活動,使同學們在課內所獲得的音樂知識技能,技巧得到藝術實踐的鍛練機會,以發展他們音樂的興趣和才能。音樂本來就是聲音的實踐性藝術,只有在反復的演唱、演奏、律動,聽辨實踐中不斷領悟,感受那些美妙的音樂,才能提高音樂的審美能力和表現能力。
         


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        上一篇:淺談小樂器在小學音樂課堂中的重要作用
        下一篇:淺談如何有效開展小學音樂欣賞教學



         

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