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        小學英語論文:淺談小學英語語音教學策略    發布時間:2019-08-13 11:32:08
        淺談小學英語語音教學策略
                                  
        《英語課程標準》指出:學生在英語基礎教育階段應該學習和掌握包括語音、詞匯、語法、功能和話題等五個方面的基礎知識。語言有三大要素:語音、詞匯和語法,其中語音是最基本的因素。語音是學好語言的基礎,語音教學是語言教學的重要內容之一。自然規范的語音、語調將為有效的口語交際打下良好的基礎.在小學英語教學中,教師應特別重視語音教學。
        如何提高語音教學的成效,讓學生聽得懂、說得出、用得好呢?對于小學英語教學來說,課堂是教學的主陣地,幫助學生形成有效的英語語音學習策略是每位英語教師的職責,也是新課程標準所制定的學習目標之一。教師應根據新課程標準中的二級語音學習目標和學習策略目標來研究如何搞好語音教學以及如何引導學生形成有效的語音學習策略,使其掌握正確的發音要領,養成正確的發音習慣,學會規范的發音,發展自主學習語言的能力。
        在小學英語課程教學中采用的一些語音教學策略:
        1.有效利用漢語拼音的正遷移作用的策略.語音教學的主要任務是聽準、辨清、觀察、模仿、練習、會運用48個因素和學會拼讀音標,記住讀音規則。但如何教好語音,使學生真正獲得自學能力呢?我認為,最關鍵的問題是如何引導、如何教,使語音教學寓于趣味,生動活潑。
        由于學生在一年級時對漢語拼音掌握得很好,而許多英語字母的發音其實與漢語拼音是很相似的,如英語字母中的輔導字母的發音與漢語拼音的聲母的發音很相似,而很漢語拼音中的ei與/ei/,ai與/ai/, u/與/u:/等基本相似;另一方面,輔音字母在單詞中的發音相當于聲母的作用,元音字母在單詞中的作用相當于漢語拼音的韻母,一個單詞的拼讀由輔音和元音組成。
        2.創造性地駕馭教材,對語音教學的單音部分實行先集中后分散的教學原則的策略.為了縮短語音學習的學程,改變學生從一開始學英語就處于被動的學習地位的現狀,充分發揮學生學習的智力,發展學生的學習能力,在二年級時,要求學生能認讀26個字母,期間穿插對日常英語的復習,簡單用語的滲透和簡短易學的英語歌曲,讓學生有充分的成就感。在集中學習字母之后,我有意識地對學生進行認讀訓練,將字母的認讀與詞匯學習充分結合起來,適當地讓學生聽聽辨辨,如讓學生看著兩個單詞:mouth, nose選擇所聽到的一個單詞,再進行字母發音的滲透,NN/nnn/,nose nose nose, MM/mmm/,mouth mouth mouth.我們可以根據教材對字母教學的編排著重對字母和音素進行訓練,通過以前所學單詞的積累,讓學生通過比較逐步得出字母音素歌,/AA/ A,/b//b/B,/k//k/C的吟唱,使學生在吟唱過程中逐步感覺到英語單詞的發音是有規律的。
        3.字母、語音學習一體的語音教學策略.在英語字母教學的同時,將字母在單詞中的發音同時教給學生,讓學生在學習英語字母名稱音的同時感受字母在單詞中的發音。在學習字母的過程中滲透語音意識是很好的語音傳授途徑。
        4.字母、語音、詞匯、交際學習一體的語音教學策略.在學生學習字母、拼寫單詞的同時,啟發學生發現、總結、歸納出字母在單詞中的發音。讓學生在學習字母讀音,學習基本詞匯的同時感悟并逐漸掌握語音的拼讀規則。從而為見詞能讀,聽音能寫打下堅實的基礎。
        5.模仿練習策略. 新課程標準指出:在英語教學起始階段,語音教學主要應通過模仿來進行,教師應提供大量聽音、模仿和實踐的機會,幫助學生養成良好的發音習慣。 
        學習英語發音,最基本、最有效的方法是模仿。特別是小學生,他們年齡小,模仿能力強,你怎么教,他就怎么學,不需要作任何講解。 
        模仿練習一般分三個步驟。 
        ①聽音。聽音是學習語音的第一步。應該讓學生多聽音,教師可以提供原聲語音資料,使他們接觸和學習地道的發音。當然課堂上聽的最多的是教師的示范發音。這就要求教師本身發音要準確、規范。只有在聽清楚、聽準確的基礎上,才能使學生模仿,也才能模仿得對,模仿得準確。在教學中,為了讓學生都能聽清、聽準,我經常是“走著教語音”,有時在教室前面說一遍,然后走到教室后面再說一遍。這樣使每一個學生都能聽清,為正確模仿發音打下基礎。 
         ②模仿. 模仿時可采取集體模仿和個別模仿。集體模仿主要是訓練學生的發音器官,增加學生的模仿機會。個別模仿可以檢查學生是否模仿有錯,給予及時的幫助糾正。 
        ③仿說。在聽音、模仿的基礎上可以進行仿說,這可以通過朗讀、日常的聽說等練習來進行,逐漸培養學生正確的語音語調。 
        6.讓趣味一直伴隨語音教學.都說語音教學難教、枯燥。在教學中穿插些趣味活潑的游戲,通過生動活潑的形式來加快認讀,促進記憶,熟練拼讀。通過緊張而激烈的競賽,激發學生學習的積極性和興趣。教學音標的游戲活動大致分為以下幾類:如:給音素找到相應圖片的“找朋友”游戲,緊張而又愉快的音樂傳卡片拼讀游戲,“拼音做動作”,“拼音畫簡筆圖”、“拼音涂顏色”等游戲,都是深受學生歡迎的。韻文,歌謠配合學習的語音教學.把語音學習的鞏固和強化延伸到課外,在讀故事中進行語音教學
        語音是語言的基礎,而學習策略是學生成功學習的保證。幫助學生有效地使用學習策略,不僅有利于他們把握學習的方向、采用科學的途徑、提高學習效率,而且還有助于他們形成自主學習的能力,為終身學習奠定基礎。


        【推薦瀏覽其它相關的優秀教育論文】

        上一篇:小學英語有效傾聽和完整表達能力培養
        下一篇:小學英語閱讀教學中培養學生思維能力的案例研究



         

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