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        當前位置: 主頁 > 論文 > 小學英語論文 >
        小學英語創新教學初探-小學英語單詞教學之我見    發布時間:2019-08-13 12:08:08
        小學英語創新教學初探
        ——小學英語單詞教學之我見
        摘要:英語作為小學課程的必修課之一,一直以來都是我們教育的重頭戲。而當前小學英語教學中的單詞教學面臨著種種困難,如何進行單詞教學,教會學生用科學的方法記憶單詞是小學英語教學的關鍵。作為教學第一線的教師非常有必要反思我們的教學方式,同時利用有效的教學方法指導單詞教學,幫助學生建立科學的學習策略顯得尤為重要。
        關鍵詞:興趣、創新教育方式、游戲教學、說唱課
        正文:小學英語是學生英語學習的啟蒙階段,對學生的終身學習起著重要的作用,而學好英語的首要條件就是必須掌握一定數量的單詞。而詞匯教學效果的不盡如人意,給學生造成了英語學習的極大障礙,甚至有許多學生因詞匯不過關而喪失學習英語的興趣與信心。從事英語教學已十余年了,我一直秉承邊教學邊反思,邊調整的原則,注重在日常教學活動中有計劃、有步驟、嚴格地訓練學生,練就扎實的聽、說 、讀、寫基本功。而作為英語教師,我們還需要和有必要在向學生傳授知識的同時,不斷摸索總結英語教學中的一些好方法,把單詞教學貫穿到娛樂之中,以充分調動學生的學習積極性,使學生學起來不感到枯燥、乏味,激發他們的學習興趣 ,為學生以后深入學習英語打下良好的基礎。下面我結合自己的英語教學談一些淺顯的看法:
        一、興趣是最好的老師。
        雖然我們一直在實行課堂改革,但教師講、學生聽這種陳舊的教學模式對我們的影響是根深蒂固,它已經嚴重束縛了學生的個性的發展,制約著學生語言運用能力的提高。有這樣一句話說到:“老師在上面講得天花亂墜,學生們在下面聽得昏昏欲睡”。可見興趣是最好的老師,沒了興趣,一切都是妄談。而我們老師是不是應該反思一下自己?辛辛苦苦講了半天學生們到底聽進去了多少?所以最大限度地發揮學生的主觀能動性,給學生創造一個寬松、民主、和諧的學習氛圍,是我們每個老師都應該思考的問題。
            二、英語教學中關于單詞教學的反思
        在實際的教學實踐中,單詞的教學普遍受到了各位英語教師的重視,大家不遺余力的想辦法做好單詞的教學工作。然而教師傾注了不少心血進行單詞教學,但學生的掌握情況并不理想。
        (一)教單詞時板書呈現不到位。整節課沒有板書或只用圖片呈現單詞,圖片一閃而過,學生很難留下長久記憶。(二)對學生的拼讀能力缺乏有計劃的,循序漸進的培養。(三)操練及活動設計過于注重聽說,一節課下來,學生可能說的很好,但轉眼便忘。
        三、英語教學中教育方式的改進
        鑒于以上的問題,我們教學第一線的老師不得不反思我們的教學方式,不斷改進,才能最大程度的激發學生的學習興趣。
        第一,精心設計活動課,體現師生互動、生生互動的原則。
            在課程設計中,教師要盡可能多地考慮師生的共同參與性與互動性,操練過程中的趣味性和交際性,試圖通過開展英語朗誦比賽、單詞比賽、兒歌等活動到課堂中,既活躍課堂氣氛,又讓學生樂而好學。例如,關于顏色的單詞,我教了學生這樣一首兒歌:“小黑熊,真頑皮,手里拿著大畫筆,畫片天空是藍色,blue,blue 是藍色;畫朵白云是白色,white,white 是白色;畫片草地綠油油,green,green 是綠色;畫串香蕉是黃色, yellow,yellow 是黃色;畫個茄子是紫色,purple,purple 是紫色;最后拿起黑色筆,black,black 是黑色。”這樣學生就會很容易記住這些單詞。所以在班內甚至學校范圍內創設一種英語學習的氛圍,激勵學生多開口說英語,培養學生學習語言的興趣,加強學習的自主性和目的性,從而實現學生學習方式的轉變。
            第二,游戲教學法
        游戲教學法符合學生們好動的特點,學生在玩中學、在學中玩,既符合孩子們樂于模仿與好玩的天性,又充分發揮了主觀能動性與創造性,還調節了學習節奏。但如果他們不會說單詞和句子,就無法參與,這樣就使他們迫切想學會單詞,自然他們也愿意為此而付出汗水。這便恰恰迎合了小學生虛榮心較強,愛表現,模仿力強并想引起別人注意的年齡特點。
            第三,直拼教學法
            直拼式英語教學法,就是引導學生學會按字母和字母組合的發音規律直接拼讀、拼寫單詞。對學生進行“知其然,知其所以然”的語音教學。比如教dog這個單詞時,教師出示字母d,o,g,不讀字母名稱音,而是直接教音素 [d]、[ o ]、[g],然后出示單詞dog,將漢語拼音中聲母和韻母相拼的方法“正遷移”到英語單詞的拼讀中,學生能很快拼讀出這個單詞。
        其實,在我們教學中有好多的教學方法,只是我們不善于去整理它們,不去用心考慮哪些東西該為我所用,我相信只要我們積極地去探索,不盲目迷信任何一種固定的教學模式,我們的英語教學就能與時俱進,能帶給學生最好的教學效果。
        綜上所述,教師恰當的教學方法和學生有效的學習記憶都是提高英語教學與學生學習效率的必要前提。教與學,是對立統一的矛盾。學受教的啟動,教受學的制約,彼此間相互制約,相互依存。良好的學習習慣的養成主要是靠教師,而教師教的效益主要是通過學生的學來體現。所以教師必須抓住時機,充分運用教材,從起始年級,培養學生良好的學習習慣。愿我們奮斗在教學第一線的廣大英語教師共同研究共同進取。
         
         
         


        【推薦瀏覽其它相關的優秀教育論文】

        上一篇:英語教學論文題目擬題參考
        下一篇:英語教學中缺少“音形意用”有效整合的課堂論文



         

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