中考英語作文指導 發布時間：2019-06-09 11:18:42
中考最流行的結構就是三段式，深受各地區中考英語寫作閱卷老師的喜愛。為什么尼？因為這種結構十分清晰。“觀點——要點——總結”讓人一目了然。三段式的第一段：簡單明了，開門見山，不超過2句話，如，我們想表達小強很強壯，第一段直接說 XQ is extremely strong. 觀點明確，這一句足矣。第二段：分2-3點說為什么他強壯。1. 每天吃10頓飯，He has ten meals everyday! 詳舉吃的是什么。2. 每天運動2小時，He does exercise 2 hours a day! 詳舉做了什么運動。第三段：經過第二段的論證，可以得出結論。但請注意，不能完全照抄第一段，要有升華。也可以提出希望和建議等。如，How strong and robust XQ is! I hope to be him one day!
這里的邏輯實際指的就是邏輯詞。最常用的就是表示遞進的，轉折的，總結的邏輯詞等。遞進：除了first, second, third, finally 等還可以使用高級點的，如first of all(首先)，in addition, what's more, moreover(都是另外的意思)，in a word, all in all（表示總結的）。轉折：but, yet, however等。真正有經驗的閱卷老師會很注意這些邏輯連接詞，因為這些詞體現了這個文章的思路。
1). It’s adj for sb to do 做…對某人來說…
2). … so … that … 如此… 以至于…
… too … to do 太… 而不能…
such … that … 如此… 以至于…
3). not…until… 直到…才…
例: I didn’t go to bed until my mother came back.
4).The reason why + 句子 is that + 句子 … 的原因是…
The reason why he got angry was that she told him a lie. ( 他生氣的原因是她對他說了謊。)
5). That is why + 句子 那是…的原因
6). That is because + 句子 那是因為…
7). It is said that + 句子 據說…
It is reported that + 句子 據報道…
8). There is no doubt that + 句子 毫無疑問…
9). It goes without saying that + 句子 不言而喻，毫無疑問
10). There is no need to do沒必要做…
11). There is no point in doing 做某事毫無意義
had better (not) do 最好(不)做
how about / what about doing …怎么樣?
I think you should do 我認為你應該…
I suggest that you should do 我建議你做…
If I were you, I would do…我要是你的話，我會做…
It’s best to do 最好做…
Why not do / why don’t you do…? 為什么不…
like / love doing
be fond of doing 喜歡做…
be keen on n/doing 喜歡做…
prefer to do A rather than do B 寧愿做A也不愿做B
be interested in doing = show/ take great interest in n / doing 感興趣
try to do努力做…
strive to do 努力做…
try one’s best to do= do one’s best to do 竭盡全力做…
make efforts to do = make every effort to do 盡力做…
do what sb can (do ) to do 盡力做…
spare no effort to do 不遺余力的做…
do what / everything sb. can to do 盡某人全力做…
5.打算做… / 計劃做…
intend / plan to do 打算做…
be going to do 打算/計劃做…
decide to do 決定做…
determine to do決定做…
be determined to do決定做…
make up one’s mind to do下定決心做…
want to do = would like to do 想做…
hope to do 希望做…
expect to do 期待著做…
wish to do 希望做…
consider doing 考慮做…
finish 完成/ practice 練習 / suggest建議 / consider 考慮 / mind 介意 / enjoy 喜歡doing
look forward to doing 盼望做…
keep on doing 堅持做…
dream of doing 夢想做…
can’t help doing 情不自禁地做…
keep / stop / prevent sb. from doing 阻止某人做…
be busy (in ) doing be busy with + 名詞 忙于做…
spend time / money (in )doing spend time / money on + 名詞 花費時間做…
have fun / have a good time / enjoy oneself doing 玩得開心
have trouble / have problem / have difficulty (in) doing 或 with + 名詞 做…有困難
1. We ' re often told that ......But is this really the case ?
2. People used to ......however , things are quite different today .
3.some people think that ......Others believe that the opposite is true . There is probably some truth in both sides．But we must realize that ......
4.Recognizing a problem is the first step in finding a solution .
5. It is another new and bitter truth we must learn to face .
6. In short , we must work hard to make the world a better place .
7.Lost time is never found again.
8.Everybody should have a dream.
9.Hope for the best, but prepare for the worst.
10.Failure is the mother of success.
11.Let's look on the bright side.
It goes without saying that …
= (It is) needless to say (that) ….
= It is obvious that ….
It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours.
Among various kinds of …, … /= Of all the …, …
Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular.
In my opinion, …
= To my mind, ….
= As far as I am concerned, …
= I am of the opinion that ….
例：In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but is also harmful to health.
With the increase/growth of the population, …
隨著科技的進步…… With the advance of science and technology, …
例：With the rapid development of Taiwan’s economy, a lot of social problems have come to pass.
…… 是必要的 It is necessary (for sb.) to do / that …
…… 是重要的 It is important/essential (for sb.) to do / that …
…… 是適當的 It is proper (for sb.) to do / that …
…… 是緊急的 It is urgent (for sb.) to do / that …
例：It is proper for us to keep the public places clean.
It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean.
spend … on sth. / doing sth. …
We shouldn’t spend too much time on something we aren’t interested in.
At least it will prove how honest you are.
A) 如果你不……，你就會…… If you don’t ..., you’ll ...
例︰If you don’t keep working hard, you’ll lose the chance.
B) 如此 ……，以至于…… so … that …
例：At that moment, I was so upset that I wanted to give up.
每當我聽到……我就忍不住感到興奮。Whenever I hear …, I cannot but feel excited.
每當我做……我就忍不住感到悲傷。 Whenever I do …, I cannot but feel sad.
每當我想到……我就忍不住感到緊張。Whenever I think of …, I cannot but feel nervous.
每當我遭遇……我就忍不住感到害怕。Whenever I meet with …, I cannot but feel frightened.
每當我看到……我就忍不住感到驚訝。Whenever I see …, I cannot but feel surprised.
例：Whenever I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot but feel sad.
= Every time I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot help feeling sad.
我認為，…… / 我認為……不 I think / I don’t think that …
我想知道是否…… I wonder whether …
例：He doesn’t think I should stop him joining the club.
18.Since + S + 過去式, S + 現在完成式.
例：Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.
1. Actions speak louder than words. 事實勝于雄辯?
2. A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患難朋友才是真朋友?
3. A good beginning is half done. 良好的開端是成功的一半?
4. Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成?
5. All roads lead to Rome. 條條大道通羅馬?
6. Easier said than done. 說起來容易,做起來難?
7. Easy come, easy go. 來得快,去得快?
8. Every man has his weak side. 人人都有缺點?
9. Failure is the mother of success. 失敗是成功之母?
10. Look before you leap. 三思而后行?
11. Nothing in the world is difficult if you set your mind to it. 世上無難事,只怕有心人?
12. A life without a friend is a life without a sun. 人若無友,就如同生命中沒有太陽?
13. All things are difficult before they are easy. 萬事開頭難?
14. Always prepare for a rainy day. 未雨綢繆?
15. As you sow, so shall you reap. 種瓜得瓜,種豆得豆?
16. I might say that success is won by three things: first, effort; second, more effort; third, still more effort. 成功要靠三件事才能贏得:努力,努力,再努力?
17. Don’t put off till tomorrow what should be done today. 有事莫推明天?
18. Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧?
19. Bad news has wings. 好事不出門,壞事傳千里?
20. Honesty is the best policy. 做人以誠信為本?
21. You have to believe in yourself. That’s the secret of success. 你必須相信自己,這是成功的關鍵?
22. Don’t judge a man by his looks. 不可以貌取人?
first of all, to begin with, in my opinion, according to, so far, as far as等
first, at first, then, later, in the end, finally, afterwards, after that, since then, for the first time, at last, as soon as, the next moment, meanwhile, later on, soon, finally等
on the right/left, to the right/left of, on one side of… on the other side of…, at the foot/top/end of, in the middle/centre of, next to, far from, in front of等
for, because of, one reason is that… another reason is that…, thus, so, as a result (of)等
but, yet, however, after all, in fact, while, on the contrary, instead of, unlike, although, otherwise,nevertheless, in spite of, after all等?
for example, such as, that is, like, as follows, in other words, and so on等
what’s more, on one hand… on the other hand…, in addition to, as well, still, also, in other words, not only…but also…, besides, furthermore, moreover等
in short, in a word, in general, in brief, in all, on the whole等
In recent days, we have to face A問題 , which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(說明Ａ的現狀)．Second, ---------------(舉例進一步說明現狀)
Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解決方法一). For another -------------(解決方法二). Finally, --------------(解決方法三).
Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解決方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(帶來的好處).
Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(Ａ的優點之一). Besides -------------------（Ａ的優點之二）.
But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(Ａ的第一個缺點)．To make matters worse,------------------(Ａ的第二個缺點)．
Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法)．
(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(對前景的預測)．)
1.不同觀點列舉型（ 選擇型 ）
There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文題目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 觀點一________. In their views there are two factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___觀點一_____.
People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ___觀點二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand， ___原因一_______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___觀點二______.
As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __觀點一或二______. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________.
Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文題目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __題目議題_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___優點一______. And secondly ___優點二_____.
Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __討論議題______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺點一______. In addition, ____缺點二______.
To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __討論議題____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____討論議題___.
Recently we’ve had a discussion about whether we should... （導入話題）
Our opinions are divided on this topic.（觀點有分歧）
Most of the students are in favour of it.（正方觀點）
Here are the reasons. First... Second... Finally...(列出2~3個贊成的理由)
However, the others are strongly against it. （反方觀點）
Their reasons are as follows. In the first place... What’s more... In addition...(列出2~3個反對的理由)
Personally speaking, the advantages overweigh the disadvantages, for it will do us more harm than good, so I support it.（個人觀點） オ
Some people hold the opinion that A is superior to B in many ways. Others, however, argue that B is much better. Personally, I would prefer A because I think A has more advantages.
There are many reasons why I prefer A. The main reason is that ... Another reason is that...(贊同A的原因)
Of course, B also has advantages to some extent... (列出1~2個B的優勢)
But if all these factors are considered, A is much better than B. From what has been discussed above, we may finally draw the conclusion that ...(得出結論) オ
As a student, I am strongly in favour of the decision. （亮明自己的觀點是贊成還是反對）
The reasons for this may be listed as follows. （過渡句，承上啟下）
First of all... Secondly... Besides...(列出2~3個贊成或反對的理由)
In conclusion, I believe that... （照應第1段，構成"總—分—總"結構）
Many ways can help to solve this serious problem, but the following may be most effective. First of all... Another way to solve the problem is ... Finally...(列出2~3個解決此類問題的辦法)
These are not the best but the only two/ three measures we can take. But it should be noted that we should take action to...(強調解決此類問題的根本方法)
The chart gives us an overall picture of the 圖表主題.
The first thing we notice is that 圖表最大特點 . This means that as (進一步說明).
Judging from these figures, we can draw the conclusion that (結論). The reason for this, as far as I am concerned is that (給出原因). / It is high time that we (發出倡議).
表格描述as is shown by the figure/percentage in the table(picture), ___作文題目的議題_____ has been on rise/ decrease ,significantly/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.
There are at least two good reasons accounting for ____. On the one hand, ____. On the other hand, _____ is due to the fact that ____. In addition, ____ is responsible for _____. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ______. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.
As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.
Recently _______,what amazes us most is______________,it is ture that__________.
There are many reasons explaining___________.The main reason is__________________.
what is more______________.thirdly__________________.As a result_____________.
Considering all there,______________.For one thing____________,for another______.
How nice to hear from you again.
Let me tell you something about the activity.
I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th.
I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit.
I’m writing to thank you for your help during my stay in America.
With best wishes.
I’m looking forward to your reply.
I’d appreciate it if you could reply earlier.
Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make.
All the teachers and students are required to attend it.
Please take your notebooks and make notes.
Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups.
Please come on time and don’t be late.
Please come and join in it.
Everybody is welcome to attend it.
I hope you’ll have a nice time here.
That’s all. Thank you.